Poisoning in cats
poisoning in cats: An astonishing number of things we routinely have around our homes and yards are potentially lethal to our cats. In the best of all worlds, your cat will never have a chance to be poisoned, but know- ing what to do if he is can save his life. If you suspect or know your cat has ingested or been exposed to a poisonous substance, contact a veterinarian immediately. Even if no symptoms are yet present, don’t wait—quick response can make the difference between life and death.
The lengthy list of substances which cause poisoning in cats. Many are obvious because they are also toxic to people. Others you might not suspect. The following list of toxic substances is not exhaustive, so if you think your cat has been poisoned, seek veterinary help immediately.
The list of toxic substances
- Chemical poisons which cause poisoning in cats such as Strychnine, Sodium fluoroacetate, Arsenic, Metaldehyde, and phosphorous are commonly used in rodenticides, coyote bait, slug bait, ant and roach bait, and sim- ilar products.
- Lead in paints, linoleum, batteries, lead pipe, and lead fittings.
- Phosphorus which cause poisoning in cats, found in matches, matchboxes, and matchbooks; flares; and fireworks.
- Rodenticide anticoagulants such as warfarin, pindone, bromadiolone, and brodifacoum.
- Vitamin D3 (cholecarciferol) and bromethalin in rodenticides.
- Organophosphates which cause poisoning in cats and carbamates used in flea killers, garden and household insecticides, and some dewormers can be absorbed through the skin.
- Petroleum products: which causes poisoning in cats.
- Chlorinated hydrocarbons in insecticides.
- Corrosives (acid and alkali) in household cleaners, drain cleaners, and solvents.
- Toads and salamanders, including, in the United States, the Marine Toad (Florida), the Colorado River Toad (the Southwest and Hawaii), and the California Newt (California), are highly toxic.
- Some species of spiders, scorpions, and snakes can deliver a potentially fatal venomous bite. If you know your cat has been bitten or stung or notice sudden swelling on his face or body, especially with evidence of penetration, get him to the vet immediately. If you kill the biter, bring the body with you.
- Medications intended for people, including pain relievers (one acetaminophen tablet can kill an adult cat), antihistamines, sleeping pills, diet pills, heart preparations, and vitamins. Don’t give your cat any medication without your vet’s approval, and consult a veterinarian or poison center immediately if your cat
ingests any non approved medication.
- Nicotine and other toxins in tobacco products.
- Plants—more than 700 house, garden, and wild varieties, including many common species—are toxic for your cat. Ask your veterinarian or agricultural agent for a list for your area. As a general rule, beware of plants with colored or milky sap.
- Household cleaning products, particularly those with pine oil or Phenol.
- Food, including theobromine, a chemical in chocolate, is toxic to cats, as is caffeine, found in coffee, tea, many soft drinks, and other products.
- Antifreeze (Ethylene glycol) is one of the most common poisons ingested by cats and dogs because they like the sweet taste. Even 1 teaspoon is enough to kill a cat. Animals some- times appear to recover from the acute poisoning only to die later from kidney failure. Symptoms of antifreeze poisoning include vomiting, lack of coordination, weakness, stupor, and unconsciousness. Don’t leave containers of antifreeze where pets can get at them, and clean any drips or spills with deter- gent, then rinse thoroughly.
Foods to avoid
- As well as milk and cream, other foods to avoid include raw fish, which contains enzymes that can be harmful to cats.
- Onions and garlic can cause anemia, while green tomatoes and green (raw) potatoes—and especially their leaves— contain a poisonous alkaloid that produces violent gastrointestinal symptoms, so keep these items out of reach.
- Chocolate is highly toxic to cats, and grapes and raisins may harm the kidneys. So you should avoid these food which cause poisoning in cats.
Signs of poisoning in cats
1. That isn’t any particular set of signs of poisoning in cats which covers most types of poisoning. Any alteration from your kitty’s health may possibly be the end result of poisoning, but it may be due to a different cause.
2. Some Signs your cat might have been exposed to a toxic and harmful substance, beside to changes in his health Condition, include:
- Watching your kitty eating a poisonous substance.
- Foreign substance on his feet or hair.
- His vomitus contains foreign substance.
- An unusual smell, particularly a chemical odor, to cat’s breath, hair, vomitus, or feces.
- Poisonous substance Containers that seem to have been chewed or spilled.
- Your cat chews plants.
3. the signs of poisoning in cats vary widely and can include:
- vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, swelling of the tongue and other mouth tissues
- excessive salivation, staggering, or seizures.
- Pale or yellowish gums
- Excessive thirst or urination
- Nervousness, muscle tremors, hyperactivity, coma
If your cat has any of these symptoms, get him to the vet as quickly as possible. If you suspect or know he has ingested, inhaled, or come into physical contact with a toxic substance, don’t wait for symptoms to appear—that might be too late.
Treatment the poisoning in cats
Effective treatment the poisoning in cats depends in part on promptness and in part on knowing what he has ingested. If possible, take the container or a sample of the substance with you to the vet, or write down the active ingredients, brand name, manufacturer’s name and telephone number, and any antidote information provided on the package.
If you believe your cat has ingested poison or an overdose of medication, do not induce vomiting if he …
- Has already vomited.
- Has swallowed an acid or alkali, any household chemical or cleaning solution, or a petroleum product.
- Has swallowed anything pointed or sharp—glass, needle, pin, toothpick, and similar objects.
- Is unconscious.
- Change in cat gum color due to cyanosis
- Weakness and potentially unconsciousness
- Change in cat behaviour, anxiety, confusion, excitability etc
- Dilated pupils
- Frequent urination
- Dark urine
- Is having seizures (convulsions).
- Ingested the poison more than 2 hours earlier.
If you can reach a veterinarian, poison center, or pharmacist within 5 minutes, ask for advice. If vomiting is advised and if none of the conditions in the preceding list apply, use one of the following methods:
- Give 1 teaspoon per 5 pounds of body weight of 3 percent hydrogen peroxide. Wait 10 minutes. If your cat doesn’t vomit, repeat. Give no more than 3 doses at 10-minute intervals.
- Give Syrup of Ipecac—not Ipecac Fluid Extract—1 teaspoon per 10 pounds of body weight. Do not repeat unless told to do so by a veterinarian.
- Give 1⁄4teaspoon table salt, placed on the back of the tongue. After administering one of these, get your cat to a veterinarian as quickly as possible.
In case a particular antidote for a verified poisoning can be obtained, that’ll be utilized. Typically, however, therapy is directed at relieving symptoms and retaining the kitty in secure state till the toxins have been processed from his body. Any or All these remedies may be used by your own vet:
- Activated charcoal Supplied orally to Consume and absorb any Poison still in the Intestine
- Induce vomiting
- Intravenous fluids
- Various Drugs to Relieve symptoms
- Repeated testing to observe the patient
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