How to take care of kittens
How to take care of kittens is a big job!. So you should know more about the tips for taking care of kittens which include these below items.
The tips for taking care of kittens
(A) Prenatal care
- The first tip for how to take care of kittens is the prenatal care. An expectant cat needs plenty of nourishment and her appetite will increase toward the end of her pregnancy.
- Your vet can give you guidance on feeding, and will suggest suitable supplements to add to your cat’s diet if necessary.
- It is also vital to have your cat checked for parasites, which she could pass on to her kittens. The vet may ask you to bring a sample of your cat’s stools to test for intestinal worms, and can also give you advice on which flea treatments are safe to use during pregnancy.
(B) kittening box
The 2nd tip for how to take care of kittens is preparing a kittening box.
- Well before your cat is due to give birth, prepare a kittening box for her in a quiet corner. This can be bought ready-made, but a sturdy cardboard box serves just as well. It should be open at one side to give the queen easy access, but not so low that newborn kittens can roll out.
- A thick lining of newspaper provides warmth and comfort, and is easily replaced when soiled. Encourage the queen to spend time in the box so that she feels at home in her kittening area and, hopefully, will go there when labor begins.
If your cat is naturally active, there is no need to stop her from jumping or climbing, but she should not be allowed outdoors during the last two weeks of pregnancy.
Avoid picking her up unless absolutely necessary, and ensure that children handle her gently when they play with her.
(C) Early kitten care
The 3rd tip for how to take care of kittens is providing your pet with the early kitten care. Looking after the welfare and safety of a new litter of kittens is a big responsibility, but you will not have to take on the task single-handed. Mother cats know instinctively how to raise a family.
1.Stay with their mother
- In the first weeks until they have been weaned, kittens need to stay with their mother and siblings all the time. The mother cat is not only a protector and source of nutrition, but a teacher of feline behavior as well.
- It is through interaction with brothers and sisters that kittens practice their social and life skills.No kitten should be removed from this family support group unless absolutely necessary.
- Kittens start playing games together as early as 4 weeks of age and will benefit from a few toys to stimulate their interest.
- Objects that roll around are always popular, but don’t offer anything that could snag and damage tiny claws.
- Games often turn into rough and tumble, but even if the entire litter becomes a tussling furball there is no need to separate them.
- They are highly unlikely to do each other harm and this mock fighting is an important part of their mental and physical development.
3.Observing your kittens
- Keep a constant eye on the whereabouts of young kittens, especially once they are mobile and can climb out of the kittening box.
- They will wander everywhere and can all too easily end up being stepped on or getting injured while moving around the house.
- Do not allow the kittens to go outdoors until they have been fully vaccinated.
4.Using a litter pan
- You will probably find that you have very little work to do in training kittens to use a litter pan. As soon as they find their feet, at around 3 weeks of age, they will start copying their mother and head for the pan when she does.
- Although older cats prefer privacy when they use a litter pan, young kittens often all pile into it together. Provide them with a pan that is large enough for sharing, with shallow sides that they can climb over easily.
- Kittens have a built in instinct to scratch around in loose, soft materials and scattered litter is inevitable, so surround the tray with newspaper to catch spillages.
- There are bound to be a few accidents, but you can keep these to a minimum by watching kittens for warning signs. If you see a kitten going into a squat, scoop him up gently and put him in the pan.
- Never make an abrupt grab, or clap your hands in an attempt to stop him urinating or defecating on the carpet—you will just frighten him. If there is no time to reach the litter pan, lift him onto a sheet of newspaper. When he has finished, put the kitten and paper in the tray for a few moments to reinforce the idea.
(C) Nutrition for the growing
1.Kitten nursing Period
The 4th tip for how to take care of kittens is monitoring for warmth and weight gain.
- Newborn kittens poorly regulate their body temperature during the first month of life.
- Kittens should be weighed at birth and then at least weekly. The average kitten birth weight is about 100 , and kittens should gain about 100 /week for the first 6 months of life.
- Poor weight gain or a weight loss suggests inadequate milk production by the queen, inadequate milk intake by the kitten (inability to suckle), or illness of the kitten or queen.
- The energy content of colostrum is very high on day 1 of production and decreases by day 3. The energy of queen milk then increases throughout lactation. The calcium and phosphorus concentration of milk increases through day 14 of lactation, and iron, copper, and magnesium concentrations decrease during this period.
- Taurine is important for normal development, and queen milk is rich in taurine. Cow and goat milk are low in taurine and are not acceptable replacements for queen milk. Lactose is the primary carbohydrate in queen milk, but the concentration is lower than in cow ’ s milk.
- The nutrient composition of queen ’ s milk is ideal for growth, and milk from other species does not provide the same nutrient levels. If milk production is inadequate, a milk replacer especially formulated for kittens should be fed.
2.Caring for Orphan Kittens
The 5th tip for how to take care of kittens is caring for Orphan Kittens.
- Supply your kittens with a mother milk replacement. Cat mother milk replacer is powdered as Cimicat which can be bought on the Internet or from the major pet stores, and the vet clinic. This milk replacer has guides as to how much to feed your kitten in each meal.
- You should utilize a special bottle which is designed as mother cat teat. You can buy it at a major pet store and a vet clinic. You can utilize a small syringe or an eyedropper to drip the milk replacer into the mouth of kitten in an emergency.
- eructation the kittens after each meal. You will make this as you do with a baby: catch your kitten up straight against your shoulder, and put one hand under its abdomen. Sweetly rub and pat your kitten back.
- You should stimulate and encourage your kittens for elimination. Before and after each meal and feeding time, wipe the bottom of your kitten with using a gauze pad drenched in warm water or a paper towel. This process stimulates your kitten to make a toilet, which further she wouldn’t do. You can grip your kitten over its litter box and utilize the towel to rub the genitals and anal region of kitten after each meal. stick to make this until the defecation and urination is over.
The 6th tip for how to take care of kittens is caring with the weaning: By about 4 weeks of age, kittens have acquired some of their baby teeth and are ready for weaning and making the change from mother’s milk to solid food.
As with litter-pan training, a mother cat can usually be relied upon to demonstrate the skill. The kittens will imitate the way she feeds from her bowl and, apart from providing the meals, you should not interfere. Only very occasionally—for example, when a kitten has been orphaned—is hand-weaning necessary. If you face this problem, you should ask your vet for advice.
At the start of weaning, young kittens are more inclined to paw the food than to eat it, so place their bowls on newspaper and be prepared for messy mealtimes. As their intake of solids increases, kittens become less and less dependent on their mother for nutrition and the mother’s milk will gradually dry up. Most kittens are fully weaned at 8 weeks old.
The 7th tip for how to take care of kittens is selecting the feeding times.
- If your kittens are below 6 months old, they should be supplied with food for 3-4 times a day
- If your kittens are over 6 months old: you should feed them twice a day (amount of food depends on type of food and activity of your cat )
- You should train your pet cat to eat twice a day: When your own kitten becomes 6 months old, offer food to it twice a day only and you should leave the food out for ½ hour only.
- Your pet cat will quickly understand the eating all of its food during the half hour.
- Prevent supplying your pet cat too many treats because cats can become overweight.
(D) Stages of development
The 8th tip for how to take care of kittens is knowing and observing the stages of kitten development.
Newborn kittens are blind, deaf, and completely dependent on their mother, but they develop rapidly. Within a few weeks helpless infants turn into lively individuals that have learned all the basic lessons about being a cat. Adulthood is generally reached at around 12 months, although some cats take longer to complete their full growth.
- Five days: The kitten has some sense of the surrounding world, even though the eyes are not yet open. The ears lie flat against the head and hearing is still undeveloped.
- Two weeks: The eyes are now open although vision is imperfect. For a few weeks, all kittens have blue eyes that gradually change to the permanent color.
- Four weeks: Up and running, tail held erect as a balancing pole, the kitten starts exploring. Sight and hearing are well developed and the digestive system can cope with solid food.
- Eight weeks: Very active and fascinated by anything and everything, the kitten is instinctively adopting characteristic feline habits such as self-grooming and will practice hunting by pouncing on toys or siblings. Weaning should be fully completed around this stage.
- Ten weeks: Not quite a cat—but almost—the kitten will soon be ready to leave home. It is important for vaccinations to be given at this age.
(E) Kitten health checkups
The 9th tip for how to take care of kittens is providing your pet with the health checkups. For the best possible start, take your kitten to a vet as soon as possible for a comprehensive checkup and protective vaccinations. Follow this with annual health checkups throughout your pet’s life.
1.Preparing to visit the vet
- Taking your kitten for his first visit to the vet should not be stressful, provided you have prepared him beforehand for the trip. The most important thing to do is accustom the kitten to going in his carrier.
- Practice lifting him in and out, using toys and titbits for encouragement, so that he learns to associate the carrier with treats and feels safe and comfortable when he is in it.
- Pick up the carrier with the kitten inside and walk around with it so that he becomes used to the sensation of moving. Keep these practice sessions short, and never simply shut a kitten in a carrier and leave him on his own.
- If you introduce your kitten to as many people as possible, and other pets if you have them, he is more likely to act calmly when he meets strangers at the veterinary practice. You will be able to stay with your kitten throughout the visit to provide reassurance if he needs it.
2.First health checkup
- Even if your new kitten has already been vaccinated, an early health checkup is still important. At the initial appointment the vet will give your kitten a thorough examination.
- It includes checking eyes and ears, feeling over the entire body for abnormalities, listening to the heart, checking the limbs for mobility, and combing through the coat for fleas.
- If your kitten has not been vaccinated, then he will be given his first vaccination, if he is old enough. He will need to return for a second vaccination to complete the course.
- At this visit the vet will answer your immediate questions on general cat care and offer valuable advice on the control of common parasites such as worms, fleas, and ear mites.
- Now is also the right time to ask the vet about neutering. Most kittens will come through their first trip to the vet with a clean bill of health, but health issues inevitably arise over the years.
- Rather than waiting until things go wrong, book your pet an annual veterinary checkup so that potential problems can be identified and dealt with early on.
- Follow-up visits include an overall examination and booster vaccinations if necessary. At these regular checkups your vet can draw your attention to any changes that need monitoring, such as an increase or decrease in your cat’s weight.
One of the first things to discuss with your vet is neutering, a routine procedure under general anesthesia to remove the ovaries and uterus in females and the testes in males. Apart from preventing unwanted litters, having your kitten neutered has other benefits.
- Unneutered male cats often roam far from home in search of a mate and also have the habit of spraying urine around their territory, sometimes even in the house, as a calling card to females. These roving toms can be very aggressive, ready to fight with any cat they see as a rival.
- Unneutered females are at risk of frequent pregnancies, and when in season they become agitated, calling constantly to attract males, which is stressful for cats and owners alike.
- After neutering, these sexual behaviors either disappear or never develop, and both male and female cats are more likely to opt for a peaceful home life.
- Neutering also reduces the chances of sexually transmitted infections— including a feline version of HIV—being passed between cats, and removes the risk of cancer of the reproductive organs.
Vets usually recommend that kittens be neutered at around 4 months of age, before they reach sexual maturity. Your kitten will stay at the vet for only a few hours and will usually recover from the operation within a few days. A female kitten may have a few sutures in the skin, or none at all.
The vet will tell you whether any skin sutures are dis solvable—in which case they should gradually disappear—or whether they need to be removed, usually about 10 days after the operation.
Read More How to take care of kittens:
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