Cat Teeth Cleaning
Proper cat dental care and cat teeth cleaning should also be a regular part of your program for keeping your cat healthy and happy. Cats are prone to the same dental problems as their owners—broken teeth, gum disease, abscesses, decay, and pain—which not only cause discomfort but also can contribute to behavior problems. A good cat dental care health program can prolong your cat’s life, and freedom from pain can only help his disposition.
Tips for cat dental care
1.The first tip for cat dental care is feeding your cat with high-quality dry food.
2.The 2nd tip for cat dental care is asking your vet to demonstrate a basic oral exam, which you can do on a regular basis to spot problems early.
3.The 3th tip for cat dental care is carefully and gently checking your cat’s mouth for signs of trouble, including inflamed or bleeding gums; loose, broken, discolored, or “dirty” teeth; bad breath; or excessive drooling during the exam or at other times.
4.Regular Cat teeth cleaning is the 4th tip for cat dental care:
- Cat teeth cleaning (brushing) will help you to maintain your cat’s dental health. Ideally, our cats should have their teeth brushed every day, but realistically, most of us will brush our cats’ teeth at most two or three times a week, which is much better than not brushing at all.
- Special tooth brushes are available for cats, or you can use a small child’s toothbrush with soft bristles. Some people prefer rubber “brushes” that fit over the fingertip or special tooth-cleaning pads, both available from pet supply stores and veterinarians, who also carry toothpastes formulated for cats.
5.Periodic dental exams for keeping cat teeth cleaning
Your cat should also have periodic dental exams during which your veterinarian will look for signs of gum disease, loose or broken teeth, discolored teeth, or signs of discomfort.
He will check your cat’s tongue and other oral tissues for abnormalities, and she might use a periodontal probe to check for symptoms of gum disease. These procedures can be done during a regular examination.
Other procedures might require your cat to be anesthetized. Because some tooth problems occur below the gum line, your vet might recommend full-mouth or partial x-rays.
Your cat might also need thorough periodic cat teeth cleaning to remove built-up plaque and tartar, or he might occasionally need to have a tooth removed. Although there are always risks associated with anesthesia, new, short-acting injectable anesthetics are much safer than older anesthetics. Ask your vet what kind of anesthetic she uses, how easy it is to reverse, and how she will monitor your cat while under anesthesia.
6.Alternative ways for keeping the cat teeth cleaning without brushing.
(A) Dental gel for cats: It is an easier option if brushing your cat’s teeth really are a issue. Dental gels for cats contain enzymes that kill germs that cause tarter and plaque buildup and tooth decay and gum disease, and irritation. The most common way, you have to employ the dental gel directly on your kitty teeth and also you have to do it every day, similar to tooth cleaning. It’s possible to purchase a dental gel from pet stores. Always read the instructions of a specific product before using it.
(B) Dental treats and sticks for cats: can be employed on a regular basis to help clean plaque from the cat’s teeth. Studies show that they can decrease the probability of tartar buildup. If you opt for dental treats, then it’s advisable if your veterinarian still takes a look within your cat’s mouth frequently.
(C) Dental wipes: It can also be employed to clean your cat teeth cleaning. We’re not certain if utilizing these dental wipes counts as not cleaning or brushing, since you need to wrap a wipe around your finger and move it as though it were a brush. This still needs some exercise and requires about the exact same quantity of time as tooth brushing.
(D) Chew toys for cats: are very similar to dental treats in that they’re abrasive and can help scrub off plaque and massage as your cat chews them. Most these toys ( designed for cat dental care ) are filled with catnip to foster your kitty to nibble and bite on them however, you could also scatter some store-bought catnip if your cat does’t show an interest with the toy.
(E) Drinking water additive: does like the gel mentioned previously, but rather than implementing it directly on your kitty’s teeth, you pour plaque remover right into the cat drinking water. In our view, it is convenient, but works less efficiently compared to a dental gel mentioned above, and you need to check if a cat is drinking the water afterwards.
(F) Dental cat food: is food that is especially made by pet food companies to assist with your kitty dental health. Studies indicate that those foods indeed minimize tartar buildup, but they aren’t able to eliminate it. Speak to your vet about the possibility of utilizing dental cat foods.
(G) Cat dental care diets
Diet selection is essential for cat dental health. Cats fed with a dry food diet have a higher oral health status, in relation to dental ailments and tartar accumulation, when compared to cats fed a wet diet.
Likewise, when cats have been fed just, or partially dry commercially prepared cat foods as a portion of their feeding plan, there is a reduction in tartar and gingivitis disorder compared to cats fed house prepared diets.
Benefits of a dry diet are due to the properties that are abrasive, such as the patterning or texture of their kibble, which mechanically scrape cat teeth and help in the elimination of plaque buildup.
The addition of dietary fiber present in high levels is successful in attaining this texture, and is useful in encouraging chewing in order to improve contact teeth.
It ought to be said, that the positive effects of some kibble on cat dental health are attained in dry pet food formulations, and aren’t exclusive to diets which focus on dental health.
7.How often should your cat have a professional dental exam or professional cat teeth cleaning process?
That depends on his age. A kitten should have an oral exam as early as possible, with follow-ups at each vaccination appointment until he’s about 4 months old.
At about 6 months, he should be checked again to be sure his bite is okay and to ensure that all his baby teeth have fallen out. Occasionally baby teeth are retained, causing the permanent teeth to come in crooked. If that happens, your vet will need to pull the baby tooth.
From 6 months to about 3 years of age, most cats need only an annual dental exam during their regular yearly vet visit unless you notice a problem.
From 3 or 4 years until about 6 or 7, most cats still require only a yearly exam, especially if you practice in your home cat dental care.
Just like people, though, cats vary, and if your cat is prone to plaque buildup or other problems, your vet might recommend oral exams every 6 months. In later life—usually from 7 years on—most cats should have dental exams every 6 months
8.Mouth and tooth disorders
Knowing and observing the mouth and tooth disorders is very important tip for keeping cat teeth cleaning and healthy. Cats use their mouths for eating and for grooming themselves. The mouth usually keeps itself healthy by producing saliva, but regular checks and regular cat teeth cleaning will help prevent problems.
It is important to check your cat’s mouth regularly and keep the cat teeth cleaning to prevent the buildup of plaque. This is a sticky film consisting of bacteria and food debris, which builds up after eating. Over time it can mix with minerals in the saliva, forming a hard, yellowish brown deposit called tartar (calculus).
Your vet may be able to suggest anti plaque foods or additives. Brushing your cat’s teeth at least once a week can also help. You need to use special cat toothpaste— never human toothpaste—and a cat toothbrush (or wrap your fingertip in gauze). Lift the lips gently, then brush or massage along the teeth and gum-line.
Signs of a problem
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Yellow or brown discoloration
- White or yellow deposit
(plaque) at base of teeth
- Red gumline at base
- Difficulty eating; possible
avoidance of some foods
- Loss of appetite
- Crying in pain when trying
to eat, or pawing at mouth
- Drooling saliva, pus, or blood
- Swelling on side of face
- Gray discharge at gumline (pus)
- Growth inside mouth or on jaws
Common mouth and tooth disorders
1-Periodontal (gum) disease
- It is extremely common in small animals. From the time a kitten starts eating solid food, bacteria and food particles are deposited along the gum line and under the gums. These deposits form plaque.
- If not removed, plaque hardens into calculus and eventually causes serious problems. Most of us know how painful dental problems can be, but your cat will likely suffer in silence until the disease is quite far advanced.
- Fortunately, a program of preventive dental care can keep your cat’s mouth healthy.
2-Gingivitis and stomatitis
Disorders such as gingivitis (inflamed gums) and stomatitis (inflammation inside the mouth) are most often caused by the cat’s immune system reacting against bacteria in plaque.
Other causes include infectious diseases such as feline calicivirus (FCV). Stomatitis can also be due to a foreign body lodged in the mouth or a reaction to a household chemical.
In gingivitis the gumline is dark red. If left untreated, the gums may recede or separate from the teeth, leaving inflamed pockets where infection can take hold (periodontitis).
In stomatitis the inside of the mouth is red and sore.
In both cases the cat may be in obvious pain, drool, and have difficulty eating or avoid certain foods. In severe cases, teeth may become loose or fall out altogether.
Your vet may anesthetise your cat to remove tartar with an ultrasonic descaler and to polish the teeth. Loose and diseased teeth are likely to be removed. Antibiotics are usually prescribed to clear up infection, along with a pain-killing drug.
- This is a pus filled swelling that develops at the root of a tooth, due to infection entering the tissues. It may be very painful, causing the cat to paw at his face.
- Your cat may struggle to eat or may try to eat with just one side of his mouth. He may avoid hard foods or lose his appetite, drool, and have bad breath.
- You may see gray pus at the gum-line, or a lump under the skin on the cheek. The vet may anesthetize your cat before looking in the mouth and taking radio graphs. Your cat may be prescribed antibiotics and pain relief, but if the abscess is severe the tooth may be extracted.
- In malocclusion the teeth are misaligned and do not fit together properly when the cat closes its mouth. It can result from injury to the jaw or from overcrowded teeth.
- Malocclusion can interfere with eating and can also trap food and plaque, increasing the risk of infections. Certain short-nosed breeds, such as Persians, may have jaws too short to fit all the teeth.
- In some cats, when adult teeth come through baby teeth do not fall out, so the adult teeth grow crooked. Your vet may extract the misaligned teeth.
The most common type of tumor (growth) in the mouth is squamous cell carcinoma, a form of cancer. It grows from the cells lining the mouth and throat and most often arises under the tongue or in the gums.
Older cats are most at risk. A tumor may be seen as a nodule or a lumpy mass. Your cat may have bad breath, drooling, and bleeding or ulcers in the mouth, and may find it hard to swallow or close the mouth.
The cat may develop loose teeth or a distorted face. Tumors grow fast and need prompt attention. Your vet may radiograph the cat’s head and take a tissue sample from the growth to identify the tumor.
Treatment may involve surgery to remove the tumor and radiation to kill remaining cancer cells. The tumors often recur, so your cat will need regular monitoring.
Home care after dental treatment
- After the cat dental care procedure, your cat may have a sore mouth, and he will be groggy for a while because of the anesthetic.
- Your vet will prescribe pain relief and may provide a diet plan consisting of foods that are easy to eat.
- Put your cat’s bed in a quiet place, with food, water, and a litter tray within easy reach. You may need to hand-feed him until he can eat by himself.
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