Before talking about the cat grooming, you should know that a clean coat is healthy and comfortable, and staying well-groomed comes naturally to cats. By providing your pet cat with additional grooming—particular serious if you have a longhaired breed—you can aid him to look fine and enjoy a bonding experience at the same time. To ensure your cat stays in peak condition, it is also important to give him assistance with basic hygiene, such as teeth cleaning and occasional bathing.
Cats spend a large part of their day self-grooming. This is important to them because a sleek, conditioned coat is waterproof, keeps a cat warm, and protects the skin from infection.
Your cat will always groom himself in the same order. He begins by licking his lips and paws, then uses his wet paws to clean the sides of his head. The saliva removes the scent of recent meals, making him “odorless” to natural enemies that hunt by scent.
Next, your cat will use his rough tongue to groom his front legs, shoulders, and sides. The surface of the tongue is covered in tiny hooks that can sweep up skin debris and loose hairs, as well as get rid of mats and smooth out tangles in the coat.
The tongue also spreads the natural oils secreted by glands in the skin that condition and waterproof the coat. Your cat will nibble away any stubborn tangles using his small incisors.
His flexible spine then allows him to attend to his anal region, back legs, and tail, working from its base to the tip. He uses his back paws like a wide-toothed comb to scratch his head. In fact, cats are so particular about daily grooming that it may not seem necessary to give them any extra help.
(A) Cat Grooming Sessions
Helping your cat maintain his coat is essential for several reasons.
- For a start, cat grooming process will enable you to keep a close bond with your pet cat and also provide you a chance to examine his body for healthy issues such as parasites, hidden injuries, lumps and bumps, and changes in weight.
- When you groom your cat, you will help reduce the amount of hair he swallows while grooming himself. This hair is usually coughed up as harmless fur balls, but some fur balls pass through the stomach and may become lodged in the intestine, causing serious problems.
- Cats become less efficient at grooming themselves as they get older, so elderly cats can benefit greatly from a helping hand.
The sudden neglect of self-grooming in cats of any age is a warning sign that all is not well, and it should be investigated by a vet.
If you accustom your cat to grooming sessions from an early age, he will come to view you as a parent figure and enjoy the experience.
Always begin a cat grooming session by stroking your cat and talking in a soothing voice to help him relax. Remember to be patient and on the lookout for signs that he is uncomfortable, such as a flicking tail or whiskers turning forward. In such cases, stop and try again later or the next day.
Make sure you also check his ears, eyes, nose, and teeth—and clean them if necessary; you may also need to clip his claws and give him a bath. Always finish a cat grooming session with treat and a praise
Basic cat grooming tools
Combs and bristle brushes remove tangles, and a slicker brush sweeps up loose hair and debris. Ask a professional for advice on the correct use of equipment such as tick removers and nail clippers.
Basic utensils for cat grooming include combs (flea, fine, and wide-toothed), brushes (slicker, pin-tipped, or soft-bristled), a rubber grooming glove, clippers, a cat toothbrush, and a tick remover. Some breeds may require specific tools for their coat type.
Cat grooming for different coat types
1.Cat grooming for longhaired cats
In longhaired cats such as Persians, the undercoat can be massively thick. The coat not only collects debris from around the home and yard but tends to form tangles that no amount of licking can remove.
Neglected tangles can easily turn into impenetrable mats, especially behind the ears and in parts of the body where there is friction, such as under the armpits, and in the groin area.
Even the most oversensitive longhaired cats simply can’t keep a coat of this type in well order by their own efforts, so owners want to give additional grooming. In extreme cases, there will be no choise but to cut the matted hair away—a task that wants the skill of a professional groomer or a veterinarian.
Longhairs are also at greater risk than shorthairs of collecting large fur balls. If you own a longhaired cat, a daily grooming session is necessary.
The grooming steps:
1-Begin by gently combing the cat through from head to tail with a wide-toothed comb, following the natural direction of the fur. Do not tug at knots or tangles—tease them out with your fingers, using unscented talcum powder formulated for cats. The powder will also absorb excess body oils.
2-Using a slicker brush with fine pins or a soft-bristled brush, work along the lie of the fur to collect the loosened hairs, skin debris, and any remaining talcum powder from both the topcoat and the undercoat. This will help to make the coat look full and shiny.
3-To end the grooming session, fluff up the coat with a brush or wide-toothed comb, and comb through long plumes on the tail. If your cat is a Persian, comb the neck fur up into a ruff. Ideally, to keep a longhaired coat in good condition, you should spend 15–30 minutes on this routine every day.
2.Cat grooming for semi-longhaired cats
Semi-longhaired cats, which include Maine Coons and the Balinese, have a silky topcoat and a minimal undercoat, so their fur remains free from tangling. Weekly brushing and combing is all that is required.
3.Cat grooming for wavy, or rippled coats
Some cats have fine, wavy, or rippled coats, as seen in the Cornish Rex, and a few breeds sport longer curls. Such coats do not shed heavily and are not very difficult to maintain. Overly vigorous grooming can spoil the appearance of the fur, so bathing rather than brushing is often recommended for this type of cat.
4.Cat grooming for shorthaired cats
Shorthaired cats have a topcoat of sleek guard hairs and a soft, downy undercoat of varying thickness. Although the undercoat may shed quite heavily, especially in warm weather, these cats are generally very easy to maintain. Grooming once a week is usually sufficient for shorthairs.
The grooming steps:
1-Begin the session by loosening dead hairs and skin, drawing a fine-toothed metal comb from head to tail along the lie of your cat’s coat. Take extra care when grooming around particularly sensitive areas such as the ears, the underside (armpits, belly, and groin), and the tail.
2-Remove the loosened debris by working over your cat’s body with a slicker or soft-bristled brush, again drawn along the lie of the fur. For a super- sleek and shiny look, finish the grooming session by “polishing” the coat with a soft cloth such as a piece of silk or a chamois leather.
5.Cat grooming for hairless cats
Hairless cats such as the Sphynx are not usually entirely bald but have an overlay of fine fuzz. This thin covering is not enough to absorb the natural body oils that are secreted through the skin, so regular bathing is needed to prevent a greasy buildup that can be transferred to owners’ clothes and furniture.
General cat grooming steps
- Combing through Begin by gently combing the cat from head to tail with a wide- toothed comb, following the natural lie of the fur. Do not tug at knots or tangles—tease them out carefully with your fingers.
- Removing debris Use a slicker brush with fine pins or a soft-bristle brush to collect loosened hairs and skin debris from both the undercoat and topcoat. This helps make the fur look full and shiny.
- Trimming mats Badly matted fur may need removing with clippers. Leave this job to a professional— unskilled attempts could result in injury to the cat’s skin.
- Finishing touches To end the session, fluff up the coat with a wide-toothed comb to make it stand out and comb through long plumes on the tail.
(B) How to trim cat claws
Pet Cats naturally remain their claws worn down by scratching, exercise, and climbing, and also by biting them. Indoor and especially older cats often do not get much claw- wearing exercise and are at risk of growing long claws that curl into the pads of the paws, causing discomfort.
To prevent this, regularly check your cat’s claws and cut them with clippers about every two weeks. To trim the claws, keep a firm hold on your cat and make sure you remove just the very tip of the claw. Any farther down and you might cut into the pink region, or “quick,” and cause pain and bleeding—which will make your cat extremely resistant to having his claws clipped in future.
Accustom your cat to having his claws clipped from an early age. If you find the task too difficult, ask your vet to do it instead.
(C) Cleaning the face
The inside of your cat’s ears should be clean and free of odor. Remove excess earwax with cotton or tissue. If you see dark, gritty specks in the ears, which indicate ear mites, or any discharge, take your cat to the vet.
Damp cotton can also be used to clean around the eyes and nose. Mucus may collect in the corners of the eyes of long- muzzled cats, such as Siamese. Short-faced cats, such as Persians, often suffer from tear overflow, which leaves mahogany stains on the fur around the eyes. Consult your vet if you find any discharge from the eyes or nose, or prolonged redness of the eyes.
1-Cleaning around the eyes: Gently wipe around the eyes with moistened cotton ball, being careful not to touch the eyeball. Use a fresh piece of cotton for each eye.
2-Cleaning the ears: Use a piece of cotton wool moistened with water or a cleaning solution formulated for cats to wipe carefully inside each ear. Use a fresh piece for each ear and never push anything into the cat’s ear canal.
(D) Cat Teeth Cleaning
Brushing your cat’s teeth once a week will give you the opportunity to check for signs of oral disorders. Problems that need the attention of your vet include discolored teeth, inflamed gums, and bad breath.
To clean the teeth, use a soft child’s toothbrush or a specially made cat’s toothbrush that fits over your finger. Alternatively, wrap your fingertip in gauze. Always use specifically formulated cat toothpastes; your cat will probably enjoy the meat-flavored ones. Never use a brand of toothpaste intended for humans.
Hold your cat’s head firmly and gently lift his lips. Starting with the back teeth, brush each tooth carefully in a circular motion and massage the gums.
If your cat will not allow you to brush his teeth, ask your vet for oral antiseptics, which you apply directly to the cat’s gums. Antiplaque solutions for cats are also available from pet stores or your vet. These products are simply added to your pet’s drinking water and have a palatable flavor. You will need to change the water and add fresh solution every day.
(E) How to bathe a cat
Outdoor cats occasionally give themselves a dust bath, in which they roll in dry dirt to clean their coat of grease and parasites, such as fleas. You can buy dry shampoos for cats, which work in a similar way. A shorthaired cat may need a wet bath if it becomes covered in oil or a pungent substance. A longhaired cat requires more regular bathing.
Use only a shampoo made for cats, and keep it out of your pet’s eyes, ears, nose, and mouth—especially if you are applying a medicated shampoo to treat a skin problem.
Few cats enjoy being bathed, and it is easier for both of you if you accustom your cat to the experience from an early age. You will need to be patient. Use soothing words throughout the session and give treats to your cat afterward as a reward.
Cleaning under the tail: All cats wash their anal area, but additional cleaning may be necessary, especially in older or longhaired cats. Check beneath the tail as part of your grooming routine, and gently wipe the area with a damp cloth if needed.
- Slowly lower your cat into the sink or bathtub, talking to him soothingly. Spray him with warm water that is as near body temperature (101.5°F / 38.6°C ) as possible. Soak his fur thoroughly.
- Use special cat shampoo, never products formulated for dogs or humans, which may contain toxic chemicals. Be careful not to get shampoo in your cat’s eyes, ears, nose, or mouth.
- Lather in the shampoo thoroughly, then rinse it off completely. Repeat the shampoo wash or rub in a conditioner and then rinse off again. Keep comforting your cat throughout.
- Towel-dry your cat, or use an hair dryer on a low setting if the noise does not upset him. Brush his coat and allow him to finish drying off in a warm room.
Read More About:
- How to take care of kittens 4 weeks old
- Birman Cat Information
- Everything about the abyssinian cat
- How to bathe a dog at home
- Balinese Cat Information
- How to take care of a cat – Top cat care tips
- Bengal Cat
- How to take care a bengal cat
- Burmese cat information
- Introducing kitten to cat
- Puppy grooming at home